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WORDLISTS 

The following lists, and those in Chapter 12 of this volume, are based on 
Morris Swadesh's diagnostic lists (Swadesh 1966). 

Aranak (list A): Sawariweg, Bernarddorp, Surinam, 1968 

1. I ddi - d6i 

2. thou bli ~ bii 
3« we odi ~ o6i 



131 AMERINDIAN TEXTS AND WORDLISTS 

4. this th6(h)o; li(h)i 

5. that th6ra(h)a; lira(h)a 

6. who? halika(n) 

7. what? hamaha 

8. not kho(ro); mA- 

9. all hara(-) 

10. many io(h)o (cf. 135) 

11. one aba(-) 

12. two biama ~ bian 

13. big (i)firo-; (i)fili- 

14. long oadi- 

15. small ibi-; si6ko- 

16. woman hiaro 

17. man oadili 

18. person 16ko (but see p. 82 above) 

19. fish hime 

20. bird kodibio 

21. dog peero(< Sp.) 

22. louse tehi, -ie 

23. tree ada 

24. seed isii, -si 

25. leaf adobona, -bana 

26. root ilkirahi, -ikira 

27. bark adada, -da 

28. skin Ida, -da 

29. flesh sirokoho, -siroko 

30. blood Ithihi, -thina 

31. bone abonaha, -bona 

32. fat iki(h)i 

33. egg kodibiosa, -sa 

34. horn -(o)koa 

35. tail i(h)itoko; -i(h)i 

36. feather (o)bara, -bara 

37. hair (o)bara, -bara 

38. head isii, -si/sin 

39. ear -dike; -kdioko 

40. eye -kosi 

41. nose sirihi, -siri 

42. mouth -reroko 

43. tooth arii, -ari 

44. tongue -iee 

45. claw -bada 

46. foot -k6ti 

47. knee ._. -k6ro 

48. hand -khabo 

49. belly -dibdio; ite Cgut') 

50. neck -n6ro 

51. breast -dio 

52. heart -oasina; 61oa; kdkin 

53. liver -bana 

54. drink (a)thin (v.t.); (a)than (v.i.) 

55. eat (e)kin (v.t.); khoton (v.i.) 



132 AMERINDIAN LANGUAGES 

56. bite ridin 

57. see dikhin 

58. hear kanabon 

59. know aithin 

60. sleep ddnkon 

61. die (h)6don 

62. kill farm 

63. swim thimin 

64. fly m6rodon 

65. walk k6nan 

66. come andin 

67. He tdrodon; iakadan (in hammock) 

68. sit balatin 

69. stand dinamin 

70. give sikin 

71. say aakan; dian; man 

72. sun hadali 

73. moon kathi 

74. star oioa 

75. water oniabo, -nia 

76. rain 6ni 

77. stone siba, -siban 

78. sand mdthoko, -m6thokon 

79. earth h6roro, -orora 

80. cloud oraro 

81. smoke koreeli 

82. fire hiki(h)i, -ihime 

83. ash(es) balisi 

84. burn bithin, bithan, bithonoan 

85. path oaboroko; abdnaha 

86. mountain hororo sin (= 79 + 38) 

87. red kore(e> 

88. green (imoro-) 

89. yellow (hehe-) 

90. white harira- 

91. black khareme- 

92. night orika; kasakoda 

93- hot there- ; oerebe- (' warm ') 

94. cold mimili- 

95. full (h)ebe- 

96. new (h)emelea- 

97. good sa- 

98. round balala- 
99- dry oaa-; sare- 

100. name -iri 

Arawak (list B): Sawariweg, Bernharddorp, Surinam, 1968 

101. ye hii ~ hei 

102. he lei ~ Hi 

103. they nai ~ nei 

104. how? halika-, halidi 

105. when? halikha 



133 AMERINDIAN TEXTS AND WORDLISTS 



1 06. where? 

107. here 

108. there 

109. other 
no. three 
in. four 

112. five 

113. sky 

114. day 

115. wind 

116. flow 

117. river 

118. wet 

119. wash 

120. snake 

121. worm 

122. back 

123. arm 

124. wing 

125. navel 

126. guts 

127. saliva 

128. fruit 

129. flower 

130. grass 

131. with 

132. in 

133. at 

134. if 

135. mother 

136. father 

137. husband 

138. salt 

139. children 
child 

140. dark 

141. cut 

142. narrow 

143. far 

144. near 

145. thick 

146. thin 

147. short 

148. heavy 

149. sharp 

150. dirty 

151. bad 

152. rotten 

153. smooth 

154. straight 

155. correct 

156. old 



halon, halo- 

iaha 

iaraha 

aban(o), abaro 

kabiin 

bfithi, biabithe 

(a)ba-dakhabo 

kasako 

kasakabo(h)o 

aoad61i 

maladin 

6ni(khan) 

i6io- 

sok6son, sokosan 

6ri 

isehi 

ahaboroko 

adlna 

- 123 

6koio 

itehi, -te 

oraroni 

-ioi 

ot6koro 

karao 

6ma; abo 

16ko 

-min ~ -n 

fardkha 

6io, -id 

ithi, -thi 

irtithi, -rethi 

pamo 

ireno (no sg.) 

isa 

oriroko 

rikin, rikan, bikin 

mibiloko 

oaikili 

ia(h)adi; iahaboron 

hdnahana 

oakara- 

moadi- 

khidi- 

kamana- 

iribe- 

oakaia- 

toro- 

folifoli- 

misi- 

= 97 

hebe-; oa<h)adi- 



134 AMERINDIAN LANGUAGES 



157. rub 

158. throw 
159- hit 

160. split 

161. stab/pierce 

162. dig 

163. tie 

164. sew 

165. fall 

166. swell 

167. think 

168. sing 

169. smell 

170. puke 

171. suck 

172. blow 

173. fear 
174* squeeze 

175. hold 

176. down 

177. up 

178. ripe 
179- year 



Utin 

boreclin; boredan 

b6rikin; also as 62. 

oalasan 

thiadin; aiakonoan 

thikin, thikan 

klrin 

kisan 

thfkidin; khin (of rain) 

aakonon 

kob6rokoatonoan; ikisikin 

ientonoan 

dimisin 

oedin 

sdroton 

f6din, f&dan 

hamaron 

sam6rodin 

bdkoton 

abomin 

aiomin 

hebe-(= 95 = 156) 

= 74 



Taylor, Douglas. 1977. Languages of the West Indies. 
Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.